Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs, usually caused by bacterial, viral, or fungal infections. Although pneumonia itself is not contagious, the microorganisms that cause this disease can be transmitted from one person to another, facilitating the onset of the disease in people with a weakened immune system, such as in the elderly, children, or immunocompromised people.
Thus, it is essential to adopt strategies that reduce the chances of contracting pneumonia, such as washing your hands well, vaccinating yourself annually against the flu, and controlling allergic rhinitis attacks, for example.
How to Avoid Catching Pneumonia
Pneumonia prevention is achieved by adopting measures that contribute to the strengthening of the immune system, preventing this and other diseases caused by microorganisms and that can be easily transmitted from one person to another.
So, the top 7 tips to prevent pneumonia are:
Maintain a Balanced Diet and Keep Hydrated
It is important to maintain a balanced diet and drink about 2 liters of water a day to maintain a very powerful immunity capable of fighting off viruses and bacteria before the infection reaches the lungs. In addition, it is recommended to reduce the consumption of alcoholic beverages, since alcohol consumption can interfere with immunity and facilitate the aspiration of secretions and vomiting, favoring the occurrence of pneumonia
Always Keep Your Hands Clean
Washing your hands frequently with soap or cleaning them with alcohol gel whenever you are in public places, such as shopping malls, buses, or subways, helps prevent the transmission of microorganisms responsible for causing respiratory infections.
Avoid Closed and Crowded Places
Closed and crowded places should be avoided, especially during epidemics of infections, as this facilitates the transmission of diseases.
Avoid Using Cigarettes
The habit of smoking causes inflammation in the tissues of the airways, which facilitate the proliferation of microorganisms and reduce the lung’s capacity to promote the expulsion of the organism.
Keep the Air Conditioner Clean
Keeping the air conditioner clean and in perfect working conditions for use helps prevent the spread of agents that cause allergies.
Humidify the Air
Humidifying the air using the humidifier or placing a basin of water in the rooms at night, especially in winter, when the air becomes drier and increases the amount of pollution, is a good way to prevent particles from getting suspended in the air and cause airway irritation.
Control Allergic Rhinitis Attacks
By avoiding situations that trigger allergies, such as dust, animal hair, pollen, or mites, the probability of contracting pneumonia is reduced, as the inflammation caused by the allergy can act as a gateway for viruses, bacteria, and fungi.
Get Vaccinated Annually Against the Flu
It is important to be vaccinated against the flu, as vaccines are prepared to protect against the most dangerous flu viruses that circulate in the environment throughout the year, being essential for groups at risks, such as children up to 5 years old, the elderly, and carriers of chronic diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, and lung diseases.
In addition, people who have chronic diseases, such as diabetes, heart disease, respiratory diseases, or liver diseases, for example, must always keep them well treated and controlled, with the correct use of medicines and medical monitoring, as the decompensation of these diseases compromises immunity and facilitates infection of the lungs.
How to Prevent Childhood Pneumonia
Babies and children up to 2 years of age are already predisposed to infections due to the developing immune system. For this reason, it is important not to expose the child to contact with people with respiratory diseases, such as flu and colds, in addition to avoiding frequent environments that are very crowded or with excessive pollution and cigarette smoke, especially during periods of infection epidemics.